How to Recognize a Narcissist

What is a narcissist?

“Narcissism falls along the axis of what psychologists call personality disorders, one of a group (of four) that includes antisocial, dependent, histrionic, avoidant, and borderline personalities. But by most measures, narcissism is one of the worst, because the narcissists themselves are so clueless”  (Kluger, J. 2011)

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual is a publication by The American Psychiatric Association and is used by clinicians for classifying and diagnosing mental disorders. It is the official source for definitions related to mental illness and is also known as the DSM-V.

Personality disorders, specifically Cluster B types like narcissism, are characterized by  drama, unreliable and very emotional behavior (Hoermann, Ph.D., S., Zupanick, Psy.D., C., & Dombeck, Ph.D., M. (2019)

According to the DSM-V, Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a Cluster B disorder characterized by these nine criteria:

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How to recognize a narcissist
According to the DSM-IV, Narcissism is characterized by these nine criteria: a grandiose sense of self-importance, is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, beauty, etc., believes s/he is 'special' and can only be understood by, or associate with like-minded people, requires excessive admiration, feels entitled to, and expects, special treatment, is manipulative and exploitative, lacks empathy, is envious of others and/or believes others are envious of them, displays arrogant or haughty behavior. To be diagnosed with narcissism, at least five of these specific traits must be expressed.
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